Hindi

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  • Anshu Jain

    periodically teaches the summer Hindi program for High School Students @ UCLA. Click *Hindi Classes * to view current classes.
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Posts Tagged ‘Hindi Sentence Formation’

translation for Adriana

Posted by ilearnhindi on April 3, 2009

This post is in response to Adriana’s request. Comments section of Translation
Adriana said “

can you please translate:

KAAN

into hindi script
Thank you very, very much!! “
——————————–
@Adriana…. Here you go…

कान

Anshu

Posted in English - Hindi Translation | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment »

Slumdog Millionaire “Jai Ho” Online Free lyrics Class

Posted by ilearnhindi on February 26, 2009

On March 3rd 2009 Anshu’s podcast appeared on ispeakhindi  about translation of “Jai Ho” lyrics in English.   Check it out

To download the podcast click here

———————————————————————————–

We all have been humming and dancing to the tune of “Jai Ho” since last Sunday. After all who does not want to get some cheer by being part of the celebration. Celebrating Slumdog Millionaire’s winning 8 Oscars! This song and soundtrack were part of the winning pick.

Let us interpret, postmortem, dissect and understand the Hindi lyrics of “Jai Ho” song in English.
If you have seen the movie, all the more better since we will be relating some of the song lyrics with specific scenes of the movie.

 

UPDATE: This class was offered sometime back on edufire. 

Posted in Jai Ho | Tagged: , , , , , , | 9 Comments »

phuul: flower (masculine)

Posted by ilearnhindi on February 23, 2009

To see the list of all the words with my twist on remembering their gender please visit Is it a HE or a SHE.

7. Phool: flower (masculine)

Tip To Remember: One of the main offerings to God in a Hindu temple is flowers. And for reasons unknown to me; we all most often address God as ‘He’. He is loving and merciful. He is my shepherd and will take care of me.

That’s one way to remember that this offering to God is classified as masculine in Hindi. Thus, ‘phool’ flower is categorized as masculine. Phool is a ‘HE’

Sentence Formation:

(1) ye baRaa phool  hai.                              This is a big flower.

(2) ye meraa manpasand phool hai.           This is my favorite flower.

(3)  kyaa aapne kaalaa phuul dekhaa hai?               Have you seen a black flower?

Posted in Is it a HE or a SHE | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment »

dukaan: shop/store (दुकान)

Posted by ilearnhindi on January 5, 2009

4. dukaan: Feminine,  dukaan

Tip to remember:  One of my student associates dukaan being feminine because he said “women like to shop so the word for shop has to be feminine.” I could not agree more. Thanks Santhosh.

 Sentence formation:

(1)    vah dukaan baRii hai.                      (That shop is big)

(2)    vah  harii dukaan achchhii hai.        (That green shop is good.)

(3)    yah  Ramu kii dukaan hai.              (This is Ramu’s shop)

(4)    merii dukaan kal khulegii.              (My shop will open tomorrow)

(5)    aapkii dukaan yahaa^ se kitanii duur hai?  (How far is  your shop from here?)

 baakii phir. (more later)

Posted in Is it a HE or a SHE | Tagged: , , , , , , | 1 Comment »

FREE ONLINE HINDI CONVERSATIONAL CLASS

Posted by ilearnhindi on December 28, 2008

LATEST NEWS : Enroll in my 8 week FREE classes on Conversatioanl Hindi. Register at www.edufire.com and click on either one of the below link. The Friday class repeats on Saturday.  

 http://edufire.com/classes/249-beginner-s-hindi-conversational 

Requirement: You have to have a mic with a headset to  participate in the class. Any questions, feel free to e-mail anshu@ilearnhindi.org 

Posted in Basic Hindi Lessons | Tagged: , , , , , , , | 4 Comments »

Hindi Lesson 7 ( How is………?)

Posted by ilearnhindi on December 19, 2008

Today we introduce the word “HOW”. 

Hindi Lesson 7 ( How is he, how is she, how is everyone……)

How: kaisaa ( कैसा)

therefore

1. How are you?           changes to  You how are?    following the SOV language rule.

subject + Other (object, modifier etc) + Verb

with formal you (आप, aap) aap kaise hai^? आप कैसे हैं?

with familiar you (तुम, tum) tum kaise ho? तुम कैसे हो?

2 How is he?  

vo kaisa hai?  वह कैसा है? (remember he = ‘vah’ and  ‘vah’ is pronounced as ‘vo’)

3. How is she?

vo kaisii hai? वह कैसी है? 

4. How is everyone/everybody?

sablog kaise hai^?  सबलोग कैसे हैं?  (remember, everyone takes the plural form verb ending) refer to lesson 6 if not clear.

5. how is everything?

sabkuchh kaisaa hai? सकु्छ कैसा है? (remember, everything takes the singular form of verb ending)

6. On the same lines?

How is Ram? 

Ram kaisaa hai? राम कैसा है?

Practice for you.

1. How is Sheela?

2. How are Arvind and Radha?

3. How is the movie “Dostana”?

Try to do these and leave in the comments section. I will correct the first three entries if they need correction. 

धन्यवाद,  Keep practicing.

Posted in Basic Hindi Lessons, Hindi Sentence Formation | Tagged: , , , , , , | 7 Comments »

Hindi Lesson5 (We are……)

Posted by ilearnhindi on November 18, 2008

Hindi Lesson5 (We are………..)

“We” : plural of “I” : “ham” = हम

Just as “we” takes “are” in English eg:

1. We are girls.

2. We are boys.

3. We are happy.

similary  in Hindi  “hai^” takes place of “are”.

Sentences below:

Vocabulary words:

girls: laRakiyaa^          boys: laRake

happy: kush                 sad: udaas

apples: seb                  here: yahaa^

1. We are girls.       ham laRakiyaa^ hai^ |

2. We are boys.       ham laRake hai^|

3. We are happy.     ham kush hai^ |

4. We are sad.         ham udaas hai^|

5. We are  here.      ham yahaa^ hai^ |

This is simple, correct?  infact we can say this in Hindi now.

simple: aasaan.  

yah aasaan hai|

baakii phir.

Posted in Basic Hindi Lessons, Hindi Sentence Formation | Tagged: , , , , | 4 Comments »

Hindi Lesson4 (These/Those are…)

Posted by ilearnhindi on October 23, 2008

Hindi Lesson4 (These are …) (Those are …)

“These” : plural of This.  “ye” 

“Those”: plural of That. “ve”

Just as These and Those take “are” in a senence eg. These are tables. These are boys. These books are good. Those chairs are white. Similarly in Hindi “hai^” takes place of “are”.

Let’s try some sentences

Vocabulary words:

houses:ghar                  apples: seb               friends: dost

tables: meze^                fruits: phal                 kyaa: what

where: kahaa^                big: baRaa

Sentences with “these” “ye”    

  1. These are houses.     ye ghar hai^.                   ये घर हैं|
  2. These are apples.      ye seb hai^.                    ये सेब हैं|
  3. What are these?         Ye kyaa hai^?                  ये क्या हैं?
  4. Where are these?       ye kahaa^ hai^?               ये कहाँ हैं?
  5. Are these fruits?        kyaa ye phal hai^?           क्या ये फल हैं?

Senetences with “those” “ve”

  1. Those are friends.      ve dost hai^.         वे दोस्त हैं
  2. Those are apples.       ve seb hai^.          वे सेब हैं
  3. What are those?           ve kyaa hai^?       वे क्या हैं
  4. Where are those?        ve kahaa^ hai^?     वे कहाँ हैं?
  5. Are those big?             ve baRe hai^.         क्या वे बड़े हैं

Pronunciation tip: ‘ve’ is often pronounced as “vo”  for colloquial purposes  (never in writing).  This does not mean pronouncing ‘Those’ as ve is incorrect, of course ‘ve’ is the correct pronunciation. Generally people pick “vo” when saying ‘that’ and ‘those’ in Hindi. My point is if you hear ‘vo’ when you expected ‘ve’ don’t dwell on it.

practice substituting any plural noun with ‘ye’ and ‘ve’.

baakii phir. More later.

Posted in Basic Hindi Lessons, Hindi Sentence Formation | Tagged: , , , | 6 Comments »

Hindi Lesson3 (This/That is a….)

Posted by ilearnhindi on October 13, 2008

Hindi Lesson3 (This is a …..) (That is a ….)

‘This': as Random House Dictionary explains is used to indicate a person, thing, idea, state, etc present near. “yah” is used for this in Hindi

‘That’ similarly is used to indicate a person, thing, idea, state etc as present remote. “vah” is used for that in Hindi.

This –     yah                                         यह

is -          hai  OR hai^                         है   OR  हैं

Can you guess when we use ‘hai’ versus its nasalized cousin ‘hai^’?  Hindi uses nasalization to denote 2 things.

·         when the subject that we are talking about is plural

·         when we want to show respect toward our subject

Follow  the order of Sentence (Subject     Other     Verb)   in the following sentences.

Vocabulary words:

house:ghar                  girl:laRakii                   mom:maataajii or mummy                      table:mez      

dad:papa or pitaajii      dog: kuttaa                 friend:dost                                              lesson:paaTh                                   

1.       This is a house.

yah ghar hai.                                      यह घर है|

2.       This is a girl.

yah laRakii hai.                                   यह लड़की है|

3.       This is mom

yah mummy hai^.                              यह मम्मी हैं|

4.       This is dad.

yah papa hai^.                                   यह पापा हैं|

5.       This is a table

yah mez hai.                                       यह मेज़ है|

6.       This is a chair.

yah kurasii hai.                                  यह कुरसी है|

7.       This is a dog.

yah kuttaa hai.                                  यह कुत्ता है|

8.       This is a friend.

yah dost hai.                                      यह दोस्त है|

9.       This is Anshu.

yah Anshu hai.                                  यह अंशु है|

10.   This is a lesson.

yah paTH hai.                                     यह पाठ है| 

Find out where I used nasalization in the above sentences? Did you find 2? Surely, when we introduce our parents we need to show respect and hai changes into hai^.

 Moving on:           That is a …….

 That –    vah                                         वह

is -          hai  OR hai^                        है   OR  हैं

Practice speaking all the above 10 sentences with vah instead of yah. The sentence order will stay the same. Go ahead do not hesistate.

This will be it for today.  If you like the lesson or would like to see something different,  do leave a comment.  धन्यवाद

Pronunciation tip: yah is pronounced as “ye” and vah is pronounced as “vo” for all colloquial purposes. 

Posted in Basic Hindi Lessons, Hindi Sentence Formation | Tagged: , , , , , , , | 3 Comments »

 
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