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Office: daftar (दफ्तर)

Posted by ilearnhindi on December 15, 2008

1. daftar (दफ्तर): Masuline: Office is classified with masculine gender in Hindi. Office is a ‘HE’.

Tip to remember: Historically, man was the hunter/gatherer and woman took care of the home. Therefore the daftar (modern replacement for hunters and gatherers) is of masculine gender. Also recollect that earlier tip to remember for the word ‘kaam’ (work).  kaam is also of masculine gender. So, men do kaam at the daftar to give women then pleasure of shopping (khariid-daarii:Feminine)

Sentence formation:  

(1)    vah office  baRaa hai.                      (That office is big.)

(2)    vah  bhuuraa daftar meraa hai.   (That brown offfice is mine.)

(3)    yah  Ramu kaa daftar hai.              (This is Ramu’s office.)

(4)    meraa daftar  kal khulegaa.             (My office will open tomorrow.)

(5)    aapkaa daftar yahaa^ se kitanaa duur hai?  (How far is  your office from here?)

 baakii phir. (more later)

Don’t muse too much over the sentence formations for now. Just remember the gender classification of these words. This will help at lengths when you dive into learning Hindi or if you are already there, you will swim or float rather than sink in your learning adventure. Do notice how the verb and adjective follows the same gender classification as our chosen word. (shown by bold letters aa or ii).


6 Responses to “Office: daftar (दफ्तर)”

  1. Ankana said

    If you would kindly give more example of words in “is it a he or she” then we will be much benefited. It is a better way of learning the gender & enhance the speaking skills, it makes easy to understand as well.

  2. rishav kant said

    good and awesome genders and thoughts

  3. uday said

    can u tell when 2 use kaa or ke or ki

  4. uday said

    in the earlier lessons you mentioned that the sentence ending of aap will be hai^…but in the above statement it is given aapka daftaar yahaa^ kitna door HAI, why is hai used?

  5. Namaste Steve ji,

    My thoughts on this subject might open more questions for you. Yes, I too feel sometimes the same about noun genders: unnecessary complication of life. But they can also be interpreted as delicate language enhancers.

    Think about this.
    1. There is no neutral gender in Hindi
    2. Change in verbs depends on the gender of the subject.

    IF we do not know the gender of the subject (mostly nouns) we won’t be able to form sentences in Hindi. (Though the rule is when in doubt go for masculine gender)

    The Hindi experts must have laid down the verb rule before realizing that a gender neutral object (table, chair, air…) can be subjects too! just kidding…

    A feminist Hindi expert must have had a higher hand in developing the language centuries ago. She probably wanted to curb male favoritism as I would imagine was prevalent in every other field then.

    Steve, I by no means consider myself an ‘expert’ to answer this question. These are some of my thoughts. They satisfy me for now and until I find an expert who can provide with a better explanation, I will live with them.

    Yes, who knows? You might be right on with your thinking about current trouble makers only if they had gender association early on. 🙂

  6. Steve said

    Namaste Anshu-ji

    As a native speaker of American English I would appreciate knowing if there is actually some sort of reason for assigning gender to nouns. I speak French pretty fluently but never got any sort of feeling that the noun gender was anything more than an unnecessary complication of life 😉

    Of course I appreciate that there are mnemonic devices that can be useful but as my Guru often said “what is real and true will be found to be simple, natural and life supporting”.

    Who knows? Maybe we Americans and the Brits would be causing less trouble in the world if we had only been given gender specific nouns when we were children?

    Any insights are most appreciated.

    bahut danyavad


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