Hindi

Learn Hindi: Reading, Writing, Conversational

  • Anshu Jain

    periodically teaches the summer Hindi program for High School Students @ UCLA. Click *Hindi Classes * to view current classes.
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Posts Tagged ‘Hindi Language Class’

gussaa: anger (masculine)

Posted by ilearnhindi on February 7, 2009

To see the list of all the words with  my twist on remembering their gender please visit the category Is it a HE or a SHE. 

5.  Anger: gussaa:   masculine

Tip To Remember: It is a well-known fact that women tend to be more patient than men, therefore their tendency to jump up and down in anger is less compared to that of men.  So, ‘gussa’ is categorized as masculine. gussaa is a “HE”
 

Sentence Formation:

(1)    Sheela ko gussaa aayaa                      (Sheela got angry.)

(2)   mujhe gussaa aa rahaa hai.         ( I am getting angry.)

(3)    Mary ko bahut gussaa aataa hai.               (Mary gets angry a lot)

 baakii phir. (more later)

Posted in Is it a HE or a SHE | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , | 4 Comments »

Learn Hindi Online

Posted by ilearnhindi on January 24, 2009

Why should I join online Hindi classes?

1. If you always wanted to learn but never found a teacher or time to commit yourself, now is a great time to start.
2. If you do not like driving. This course is taken online. No need to find parking, commuting or even change your pajamas.
3. You tried learning on your own but have a lot of questions and get lost occasionally.
4. You are great at reading vowels but get all confused when it comes to dependent vowels.
5. You are simply eager to learn.

Requirement: You are at the right place. Interactive online Hindi classes for adults are currently in session.  We start new groups when we have a minimum of 2 students at almost the same level.  If you have another friend who might be interested in learning Hindi, I would be happy to set up a 30 minute free trial class for both of you.  You would need a skype id to be a part of the session and we will use an online classroom by acrobat.com.  The class set-up is extremely simple. Send us your skype id and I will send you the link for the online classroom.

Trial Classes are held every 1st and 3rd Monday at 8.30 pm PST.

We teach Reading, Writing, and Conversational Hindi.

Headset Required: For all online classes, we request that each participant to use a headset. This is very important because

  • In-built computer sound systems catch subtle background noise that can cause static.
  • They also tend to loop in the sound from the speakers to the microphone, causing an echo effect.
  • The sound quality sent to other participating students is not optimal

Any simple headset would work. Here are some suggestions as well-

http://www.buy.com/prod/plantronics-audio-326-noise-canceling-headset-wired-connectivity/q/sellerid/11408470/loc/101/210855444.html

http://www.amazon.com/Plantronics-Audio-655-USB-Multimedia/dp/B001SEQN3K

http://www.amazon.com/Logitech-Headset-Premium-Laser-Tuned-981-000195/dp/B003NREDG4

http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B000J4WPW8/ref=olp_product_details?ie=UTF8&me=&seller

Posted in Basic Hindi Lessons | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

dukaan: shop/store (दुकान)

Posted by ilearnhindi on January 5, 2009

4. dukaan: Feminine,  dukaan

Tip to remember:  One of my student associates dukaan being feminine because he said “women like to shop so the word for shop has to be feminine.” I could not agree more. Thanks Santhosh.

 Sentence formation:

(1)    vah dukaan baRii hai.                      (That shop is big)

(2)    vah  harii dukaan achchhii hai.        (That green shop is good.)

(3)    yah  Ramu kii dukaan hai.              (This is Ramu’s shop)

(4)    merii dukaan kal khulegii.              (My shop will open tomorrow)

(5)    aapkii dukaan yahaa^ se kitanii duur hai?  (How far is  your shop from here?)

 baakii phir. (more later)

Posted in Is it a HE or a SHE | Tagged: , , , , , , | 1 Comment »

FREE ONLINE HINDI CONVERSATIONAL CLASS

Posted by ilearnhindi on December 28, 2008

LATEST NEWS : Enroll in my 8 week FREE classes on Conversatioanl Hindi. Register at www.edufire.com and click on either one of the below link. The Friday class repeats on Saturday.  

 http://edufire.com/classes/249-beginner-s-hindi-conversational 

Requirement: You have to have a mic with a headset to  participate in the class. Any questions, feel free to e-mail anshu@ilearnhindi.org 

Posted in Basic Hindi Lessons | Tagged: , , , , , , , | 4 Comments »

Hindi Lesson 7 ( How is………?)

Posted by ilearnhindi on December 19, 2008

Today we introduce the word “HOW”. 

Hindi Lesson 7 ( How is he, how is she, how is everyone……)

How: kaisaa ( कैसा)

therefore

1. How are you?           changes to  You how are?    following the SOV language rule.

subject + Other (object, modifier etc) + Verb

with formal you (आप, aap) aap kaise hai^? आप कैसे हैं?

with familiar you (तुम, tum) tum kaise ho? तुम कैसे हो?

2 How is he?  

vo kaisa hai?  वह कैसा है? (remember he = ‘vah’ and  ‘vah’ is pronounced as ‘vo’)

3. How is she?

vo kaisii hai? वह कैसी है? 

4. How is everyone/everybody?

sablog kaise hai^?  सबलोग कैसे हैं?  (remember, everyone takes the plural form verb ending) refer to lesson 6 if not clear.

5. how is everything?

sabkuchh kaisaa hai? सकु्छ कैसा है? (remember, everything takes the singular form of verb ending)

6. On the same lines?

How is Ram? 

Ram kaisaa hai? राम कैसा है?

Practice for you.

1. How is Sheela?

2. How are Arvind and Radha?

3. How is the movie “Dostana”?

Try to do these and leave in the comments section. I will correct the first three entries if they need correction. 

धन्यवाद,  Keep practicing.

Posted in Basic Hindi Lessons, Hindi Sentence Formation | Tagged: , , , , , , | 7 Comments »

Hindi Lesson3 (This/That is a….)

Posted by ilearnhindi on October 13, 2008

Hindi Lesson3 (This is a …..) (That is a ….)

‘This’: as Random House Dictionary explains is used to indicate a person, thing, idea, state, etc present near. “yah” is used for this in Hindi

‘That’ similarly is used to indicate a person, thing, idea, state etc as present remote. “vah” is used for that in Hindi.

This –     yah                                         यह

is -          hai  OR hai^                         है   OR  हैं

Can you guess when we use ‘hai’ versus its nasalized cousin ‘hai^’?  Hindi uses nasalization to denote 2 things.

·         when the subject that we are talking about is plural

·         when we want to show respect toward our subject

Follow  the order of Sentence (Subject     Other     Verb)   in the following sentences.

Vocabulary words:

house:ghar                  girl:laRakii                   mom:maataajii or mummy                      table:mez      

dad:papa or pitaajii      dog: kuttaa                 friend:dost                                              lesson:paaTh                                   

1.       This is a house.

yah ghar hai.                                      यह घर है|

2.       This is a girl.

yah laRakii hai.                                   यह लड़की है|

3.       This is mom

yah mummy hai^.                              यह मम्मी हैं|

4.       This is dad.

yah papa hai^.                                   यह पापा हैं|

5.       This is a table

yah mez hai.                                       यह मेज़ है|

6.       This is a chair.

yah kurasii hai.                                  यह कुरसी है|

7.       This is a dog.

yah kuttaa hai.                                  यह कुत्ता है|

8.       This is a friend.

yah dost hai.                                      यह दोस्त है|

9.       This is Anshu.

yah Anshu hai.                                  यह अंशु है|

10.   This is a lesson.

yah paTH hai.                                     यह पाठ है| 

Find out where I used nasalization in the above sentences? Did you find 2? Surely, when we introduce our parents we need to show respect and hai changes into hai^.

 Moving on:           That is a …….

 That –    vah                                         वह

is -          hai  OR hai^                        है   OR  हैं

Practice speaking all the above 10 sentences with vah instead of yah. The sentence order will stay the same. Go ahead do not hesistate.

This will be it for today.  If you like the lesson or would like to see something different,  do leave a comment.  धन्यवाद

Pronunciation tip: yah is pronounced as “ye” and vah is pronounced as “vo” for all colloquial purposes. 

Posted in Basic Hindi Lessons, Hindi Sentence Formation | Tagged: , , , , , , , | 3 Comments »

Hindi Lesson2 (You are..)

Posted by ilearnhindi on October 8, 2008

This is our second grammar lesson to form sentences with structure : you are…..

Hindi distinguishes pronoun “you” by classifying it into three categories.

a) you = tuu = तू is used for when you are intimate with a person and also when you want to be rude to the other person! Sounds strange, right? (piece of advise: stay away from using it) You must have heard it many times if you are into watching Bollywood movies. There is exchanged many times between the actor and actress. Ofcourse the director is showing the intimate, close relationship between the actor and actress. Another place you will recognise is in romantic Bollywood songs.

b) you = tum = तुम is used for people who are familiar to you (eg:friends, children)

c) you = aap = आप use aap when you want to show respect.  (parents, strangers). Also to show politeness.

Now that hopefully we are clear about three ways to say “you” in Hindi let’s talk about what shape “are” takes with these pronouns.

You = tuu = तू                       are = hai   =   है   ( tuu hai) intimate or rude form

you = tum = तुम                    are = ho   =   हो  (tum ho) familiar form

you = aap = आप                    are = hai^ =  हैं  (app hai^) formal form 

Sentence Formation: we will practice tum and aap forms of you only.

Familiar Forms:

  1. You are a girl.      =   tum laRakii ho.   =   तुम लड़की हो| ( you girl are) (Subject Other Verb)
  2. You are a doctor. =   tum doctor ho.   =   तुम डॉक्टर हो|
  3. You are happy.    =    tum kush ho.     =   तुम खुश हो |
  4. You are sick.       =    tum biimaar ho.  =   तुम बीमार हो 

Formal Form:

  1. You are a girl.     =    aap laRakii hai^.   =   आप लड़की हैं|
  2. You are a doctor =   aap doctor hai^.    =    आप डॉक्टर हैं|
  3. You are hapoy.   =    aap kush hai^.      =   आप खुश हैं|

Similarly try different sentences with you (tum and aap).  Practice sentences with similar structure as “You are _____. ” Feel free to substitue the blank with any noun or adjective.

Look out for my next lesson. If you like what you see, leave a comment for me. Thanks! 

PS: My next adults workshops is going to start soon on Wednesday evenings in Artesia (90701). I have 2 spots left. If you are interested  e-mail me or leave a comment. info at: http://www.ilearnhindi.org

Posted in Basic Hindi Lessons, Hindi Sentence Formation | Tagged: , , | 8 Comments »

Hindi Lesson1 ( I am….)

Posted by ilearnhindi on October 8, 2008

 

My Hindi Workshops for adults always start with a simple sentence structure as explained below. 

I am.  मैं हूँ

I = mai^ , मैं (to understand pronunciation of “mai^” please visit quizlet http://quizlet.com/set/338053/ ) (audio in the Vowel translated page)

am = huu^ , हूँ   

^ (Press- shift 6) is what I show for nazalization.  Try saying “mai^” pinching your nose. About this is how close you should sound when saying mai^ without pinching your nose. 

Let’s get right into sentence formation.

I am a girl. mai^ laRakii huu^| मैं ड़की हूँ |  (whenever I write capitals eg: the “R” in previous sentence that means the pronunciation of that consonant is harder than the pronunciation of its lower case companion r  )

Sentence Stucture in Hindi follows Subject Other Verb pattern.  Thus

I = mai^  (subject)

am = huu^ (verb)

thus I am a girl gets spoken as “mai^ laRakii huu^” in Hindi.

Did you notice that I have nothing translated for article “a”. Yes, Hindi does not have articles “a, an, the” as English. Don’t worry too much about too many details yet. Just practice the sentences below.

I am a girl.    mai^  laRakii  huu^|      मैं लड़की हूँ |

I am a boy.   mai^   laRakaa  huu^|    मैं लड़का हूँ |

I am rich.      mai^  amiir  huu^|        मैं अमीर हूँ |

I am happy.  mai^  kush huu^|          मैं खुश हूँ |

I am Indian.  mai^  bhaartiya  huu^| मैं भारतीय हूँ |

I am sick.     mai^  bimaar  huu^|     मैं बीमार हूँ |

I am fine.      mai^  THiik huu^ |      मैं ठी हूँ |

(the reason TH is in capital is because these are retroflex consonant, the ones with hard sound)

I am beautiful.  mai^  sundar  huu^| मैं सुंदर हूँ |

Feel free to practice sentences with I am ____. If you do not know the blank word (nound or adj.) in Hindi,feel free to substitue English word for it. eg:

mai^ bad huu^.

mai^ good huu^.

you got it! 

Posted in Basic Hindi Lessons, Hindi Sentence Formation | Tagged: , , , | 14 Comments »

 
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